Frequently Asked Questions

Anyone that ships, receives or handles hazardous materials that would affect transportation.  If you load, unload, fill, package, mark, label, placard, select a package or complete a shipping paper you need to be trained.

Training Tags: 

That is our specialty! We conduct classroom as well as "hands on" training of actual tank cars and trucks. We provide detailed information on grounding and bonding, industry standard securement techniques and best practices that will improve comprehension and understanding of the rules and regulations. We also provide an overview of the North American Non-Accident Release Program support by the Association of American Railroads.

Yes! We have experts in the field of emergency response that have years of actual experience in train derailments, truck and package incident response. All are trained to the Specialist level and are recognized experts in their field by the rail and trucking industry. We provide training to companies, as well as first responder units from the State Police and other police and fire organizations.

Absolutely!  We assist companies that transport by rail, vessel, airplane or truck. TCA's industry professionals manage our clients shipping operations by providing a complete compliance program to fit your needs or providing the following services individually: hazmat consulting, regulatory compliance auditing, transloading services, security vulnerability studies, transportation classification, SDS conversion, rail car tracking, ship guides and more.  We offer a wide range of specialty services such as HHESS audits (Hazmat, Health, Environmental, Safety, and Security). These audits are conducted by certified industry professionals with years of industrial experience.  They are designed to provide a compliance snapshot of your operations in each of the areas mentioned. Contact a TCA member today for more information on our services at 855.637.9566. 

Every 3 years for DOT and IMDG and every 2 years for ICAO/IATA.

 As your compliance partner, TCA is available after training and throughout the length of the certification to answer additional questions for our clients.

TCA provides a variety of training packages to suit your needs. Contact a TCA member today at 855.637.9566!

If you are shipping any regulated material (including aerosols, paints, chemicals, batteries, just to name a few) you should be trained in the regulations and be aware of the hazards that your products pose.

Yes. Consumer Commodities are listed as ORM-D in the hazardous materials table §171.101.

Yes, TCA offers Webinars with a live Instructor, self-paced E-learning’s and customized E-learnings for a Learning Management System(LMS) .

  • General awareness/familiarization
  • Function-specific, training
  • Safety
  • Security awareness
  • In-depth security training, if a security plan is required
  • Driver training (for each hazmat employee who will operate a motor vehicle)

DOT requires training at least once every three years.  IATA training is required every two years.

Employees are required to re-trained if their job position changes, or a change in regulation that affects their position

View our Training Options to become certified today!

Training Tags: 

A person who is employed by a hazardous materials employer and directly affects hazardous materials (hazmat) transportation safety.

Transporters of certain quantities of hazardous materials are required to register with the US DOT. 

 A civil penalty would be something that is not intentional; such as misspelling the proper shipping name on your shipping paper.

A criminal penalty is knowingly and willfully violating the regulations; such as knowing your product is hazardous and not classifying or shipping it per regulations.

The DOT can perform random audits.

A copy of the training material, a signup sheet, and copies of the certificates of who has been trained and your bill of ladings.

The regulations state anyone who is involved with the shipment of the hazardous materials whether it be packaging, filling out the shipping paperwork, or driving the material from point a to point b (in commerce).

Globally Harmonized System (GHS) was put in place to make all regulations and standards uniform nationally. OSHA regulates GHS.

An overpack is a pallet with multiple packages (each individually labeled) that are compatible with each other wrapped with plastic wrap to be shipped.  

You must have the overpack marking on the outside of the package, and if you cannot see the hazard class labels those must also be on the outside of the overpack.

No, It will depend on the material and the exceptions. 

No, Limited quantities must be shipped in a combination package.

Yes, in the event that you are shipping both hazmat and non hazmat you can either list the hazmat first, highlight, or use a different color to separate them.

Commerce is any public road or highway.  It is connected to DOT because regulations apply to the transportation of hazmats in commerce.  If you are just transporting the hazardous materials around your facility and never crossing commerce then the regulations do not apply.  Railcars are always in commerce because they are on a public track at all times.


No, The placard rule states that a shipper must offer up to 5 placards to the truck driver and no more than 5. One for each side and each end, and an extra in the event that one would blow off or get ruined during transportation.

A Combustible Liquid is only recognized in North America and is 141 degrees F or higher .  A Flammable Liquid is recognized nationally and is 60-140 degrees F.


It is a hazardous material that is packaged in a form intended for suitable retail sale. They are generally small packages. The shipping name includes items such as Cosmetics, Paints, Aerosols, Medicines, Nail Polish, etc.

Yes.  As a hazardous materials shipper, you are required to train your employees involved in shipping Consumer Commodity shipments by Ground or Ocean every 3 years, by Air every 2 years.

ORM-D is the name of the hazard class assigned to consumer commodities under the US DOT regulations.  Internationally, Consumer Commodities are Class 9.

  • Placarding of trucks is not required.
  • A signed shippers certfiication is not required for GROUND shipments.
  • UN approved packaging is not required.

Yes, and no.

Internationally - they require a Class 9 Miscellaneous Hazard Label.

Domestically - they require a rectangular ORM-D Marking or "ORM-D Air" for shipments by UPS Air or USPS.

No, not exactly.  Under the IMDG Ocean regulations there is not a hazard class or a proper shipping name for Consumer Commodities.  However, there are certain exceptions from marking and labeling these types of products as "Limited Quantities".

ORM-D is the Domestic Classification for ground shipments.  Class 9 is the classification by IATA for Air shipments.  Only UPS will accept ORM-D by air.